Declaration of Independence of Venezuela – July 5, 1811. The republic of Venezuela celebrates its independence from Spain on two different dates: April 19, when an initial declaration of semi-independence from Spain was signed in 1810, and July 5, when a more definitive break was signed in 1811. This disorder has increased the ills of America, by rendering void its claims and remonstrances, enabling the Governors of Spain to insult and oppress this part of the Nation, thus leaving it without the succor and guarantee of the Laws. The country’s official name is República Bolivariana de Venezuela (English: Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. The Venezuelan Declaration of Independence is a statement adopted by a congress of Venezuelan provinces on July 5, 1811, through which Venezuelans made the decision to separate from the Spanish Crown in order to establish a new nation based on the premises of equality of individuals, abolition of censorship and dedication to freedom of expression. By early 1810, Venezuela was ready for independence. This led to fighting and a de facto Civil War in Venezuela. Is Declaration of Independence a Public Holiday? the United Provinces of Venezuela, calling on the SUPREME BEING to witness the justice of our proceedings and the rectitude of our intentions, do implore his divine and celestial help; and ratifying, at the moment in which we are born to the dignity which his Providence restores to us, the desire we have of living and dying free, and of believing and defending the holy Catholic and Apostolic Religion of Jesus Christ. And that this, our solemn Declaration, may be held valid, firm, and durable, we hereby mutually bind each Province to the other, and pledge our lives, fortunes, and the sacred tie of our national honor. In the Name of the All-powerful God. The people of Venezuela commemorate the anniversary of their Declaration of Independence on April 19. The Venezuelan War of Independence was led by General Simón Bolívar. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Independence Day (Spanish: Día de la Independencia), also known as the Fifth of July (Cinco de Julio) is the national independence holiday of Venezuela, marked every year on July 5 which celebrates the anniversary since the enactment of the 1811 Venezuelan Declaration of Independence, making the country the first Spanish colony in South America to declare independence. Caracas, predictably, exploded: people took to the streets declaring loyalty to Ferdinand. Contact info: woodson@rice.edu. Declaration of Independence in Venezuela Is Declaration of Independence a Public Holiday? Always deaf to the cries of justice on our part, the Governments of Spain have endeavored to discredit all our efforts, by declaring as criminal, and stamping with infamy, and rewarding with the scaffold and confiscation, every attempt, which at different periods some Americans have made, for the felicity of their country: as was that which lately our own security dictated to us, that we might not be driven into a state of disorder which we foresaw, and hurried to that. April 19 is known as “Firma Acta de la Independencia” or “Signing of the Act of Independence.”. In 1808, Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Spain and put his brother Joseph on the throne, throwing Spain and its colonies into chaos. Today, on the 209th anniversary of the Venezuelan Declaration of Independence, the United States reaffirms our solidarity with the people of Venezuela. to America, suffice to give virtue to the rights, which till then the Americans had sacrificed to the unity and integrity of the Spanish Nation. —Ignacio Fernandez, Deputy for the Capital of Barinas.—Ignacio Ramon Briceño, Representative of Pedraza.—Jozé de Sata y Bussy, Deputy for San Fernando de Apure.—Jozé Luis Cabrera, Deputy for Guanarito.—Ramon Ignacio Mendez, Deputy for Guasdualito.—Manuel Palacio, Deputy for Mijagual. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venezuelan_Declaration_of_Independence In consequence of all these solid, public, and incontestable reasons of policy, which so powerfully urge the necessity of recovering our natural dignity, restored to us by the order of events; and in compliance with the imprescriptible rights enjoyed by nations, to destroy every pact, agreement, or association, which does not answer the purposes for which governments were established; we believe that we cannot, nor ought not, to preserve the bonds which hitherto kept us united to the Government of Spain; and that, like all the other nations of the world, we are free, and authorised not to depend on any other authority than our own, and to take amongst the powers of the earth the place of equality which the Supreme Being. —Martin Tovar Ponte, Deputy of San Sebastian.— Juan Toro, Deputy of Valencia.—José Angel de Alamo, Deputy for Barquisimeto.—Francisco Hernandez, Deputy for San Carlos.—Lino De Clemente, Deputy of Caracas.—For the Province of Cumanà —Francisco Xavier de Mayz, Deputy for the Capital.—Jozé Gabriel de Alcalà, Deputy for ditto. TutorsOnSpot.com. Printed document, 309pp. On April 17, 1810, however, news reached Caracas that the government loyal to Ferdinand had been crushed by Napoleon. The Complete Story of Venezuela's Revolution for Independence, Biography of Simon Bolivar, 'Liberator of South America', Chile's Independence Day: September 18, 1810, Biography of Francisco de Miranda, Venezuelan Leader, How Latin America Gained Independence from Spain, The "Cry of Dolores" and Mexican Independence, Major Battles of Mexico's Independence From Spain, attempt to start a revolution in Venezuela in 1806. Declaration of Independence of Venezuela – July 5, 1811. The First Republic of Venezuela was lost in 1812 following the 1812 Caracas earthquake and the Battle of La Victoria (1812). The First Republic of Venezuela was lost in 1812 following the 1812 Caracas earthquake and the 1812 Battle of La Victoria. Venezuelan Independence. There are 256 days left in the year. Today’s Doodle celebrates Venezuelan Independence Day on the 209th anniversary of its declaration of autonomy from Spanish rule. The Venezuelan Declaration of Independence relied heavily upon what other documents? The Venezuelan Declaration of Independence (Cinco de Julio) is a statement adopted by a congress of Venezuelan provinces on July 5, 1811, through which Venezuelans made the decision to separate from the Spanish Crown in order to establish a new nation based on the premises of equality of individuals, abolition of censorship and dedication to freedom of expression. The Unanimous Declaration of Youth of the United States of America of Independence from Fossil Fuels (July 4, 2013), “What is required is a new declaration of independence” — President-Elect Obama, Jan. 17, 2009, Declaration of Independence of the Mexican Empire (Acta de Independencia),1821, The Black Panther Party for Self-Defense Ten-Point Platform and Program — “A combination of a Bill of Rights and a Declaration of Independence” (1967). José Félix Ribas, a wealthy young patriot, rode through Caracas, exhorting Creole leaders to come to the meeting taking place in the council chambers. WE the Representatives of the united Provinces of CARACAS, CUMANA, VARINAS, MARGARITA, BARCELONA, MERIDA, and TRUJILLO, forming the American Confederation of Venezuela, in the South Continent, in Congress assembled, considering the full and absolute possession of our Rights, which we recovered justly and legally from the 19th of April, 1810, in consequence of the occurrences in Bayona, and the occupation of the Spanish Throne by conquest, and the succession of a new Dynasty, constituted without our consent: are desirous, before we make use of those Rights, of which we have been deprived by force for more than three ages, but now restored to us by the political order of human events, to make known to the world  the reasons which have emanated from these same occurrences, and which authorize us in the free use we are now about to make of our own Sovereignty. Of English Translation: Embassy of Venezuela – July 5, 1811 seven of the American Revolution fresh! 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