The Union currently counts 27 EU countries. Click on each country to view current estimates (live population clock), historical data, and projected figures. The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe. However, it has been a “potential candidate country” since 2000 when it was recognized. The euro (€) is the official currency of 19 out of 27 EU countries. Governments are imposing strict lockdowns. The enlargement of the EU to 16 countries where English is usually the most important second language, has toppled French from its perch. It is an area without internal borders, an area within which citizens, many non-EU nationals, business people and tourists can freely circulate without being subjected to border checks. EU-27 (from 1 February 2020): EU-28 - United Kingdom (UK) The 6 founding Member States of the EU's predecessor, the European Communities, established by the 1957 Treaties of Rome, were Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany). It will take only 2 minutes to fill in. The EU was not always as big as it is today. What is the European Union? Countries in the EU by population (2020) The European Union has 28 member countries. (*) CLARIFICATION : The United Kingdom left the EU on January 31. Using this map quiz game, you will be able to increase your geography trivia prowess and prepare for any may quiz that may be coming your way. Don’t include personal or financial information like your National Insurance number or credit card details. The European Union is currently constituted by 27 countries (2020). It was the only language allowed in the Commission pressroom – strangely enough, not too many French journalists objected to this enforced monolingualism then – most legislation was drafted in French and it was impossible to do business in the city without it. In the space of one g… The European Union (EU) is a group of 28 nations in Europe, formed in the aftermath of World War II.The first batch of countries joined in 1957, including Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg, and The Netherlands.In 1973, Denmark, Ireland, and the United Kingdom joined. It was created in the aftermath of the Second World War. The United Kingdom withdrew from the European Union on 31 January 2020. Once an applicant country meets the conditions for membership, it must implement EU rules and regulations in all areas. The European Union (EU) consists of 27 member states. There are five EU candidate countries. Don’t worry we won’t send you spam or share your email address with anyone. The EU grew out of the European Economic Community (EEC) which was established by the Treaties of Rome in 1957. Austria is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1995 with its geographic size of 83,879 km², and population number 8,576,234, as per 2015. Those who reside in EU countries are also granted EU passports, which allow for easy travel between nations. From 31 January 2020 the UK is no longer an EU/EEA member state. The European flag has a circle of 12 golden stars on a blue background which symbolise unity, … 7.1k votes, 1.7k comments. Turkey; Montenegro; Macedonia; Serbia; Albania Member states must agree unanimously for the EU to adopt some policies; for others, coll… In 1957, the EEC was formed amongst France, Italy, West Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg. 2.6m members in the europe community. You can read about the rights and status of UK nationals living in the EU after the UK leaves the EU. The candidates are supported financially, administratively and technically during this pre-accession period. Each member state is party to the founding treaties of the union and thereby shares in the privileges and obligations of membership. The list of all EU countries has more than quadrupled since its humble origins in 1951 when 6 members founded the European Coal and Steel Community to help avoid any further wars in Europe. ↑ For the purpose of this analysis only the top 30 countries of citizenship in terms of the number of first-time applicants for asylum were considered. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. After all, the UK ("Britain"), which left the EU in 2020, was never part of the Schengen Area or euro currency zone to begin with. It allows them to be part of the EU’s single market. We use cookies to collect information about how you use GOV.UK. These countries are in the process of 'transposing' (or integrating) EU legislation into national law: Potential candidate countries do not yet fulfil the requirements for EU membership: Give feedback about this website or report a problem, Institutions, bodies & agencies – contact & visit details, Public contracts in the EU – rules and guidelines, Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU), European Economic and Social Committee (EESC), European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), The European Data Protection Board (EDPB). July 2013 population ( 2020 ) the European Union saw Croatia join the Union. Your email address with anyone are located primarily in Europe longer an member. Ii as a way to ensure peace between European nations includes 2018 data for.. 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